In fact, Kaifeng’s position has always been fairly awkward
It’s understandable though, for Kaifeng, after experiencing such incredible glory, found itself in sad desolation.
In 1127 CE, after Emperor of the Song Dynasty, Gaozhong, fled and abandoned the city (then called "Bian Liang")
Kaifeng began to lose the glory of her former days.
In 1206 CE, the Yuan dynasty extinguished the Song and established Beijing as the capital city. Afterwards...
Chinese cultural traditions veered toward a completely different direction.
History, forced an unfortunate and battered Kaifeng to endure everything.
Today, underneath Kaifeng lie buried seven cities of old. From the capital of the state of Liang, Weidu, to Tokyo "Bian Liang"..
all such cities are buried deep beneath the silt of the yellow river. Some people say Kaifeng is the "Pompei" of the East,
but Pompei disappeared once and never again resurfaced. As for after every one of Kaifang’s disappearances..
Kaifeng staunchly chose to cling to life. Today’s Kaifeng is not a sophisticated or developed city
But those living in Kaifeng continue to live cozy lives. Those of Kaifeng living in foreign lands..
often fondly miss Kaifeng. [Eating] several liang of fried "guo tie" dumplings..
or curling up to the warm steam of a cup of Henan chicken noodle wontons... [such things let one] clearly see the very essence of Kaifeng
The Northern Song established Kaifeng as the capital city... the Northern Song indeed was a period of Chinese culture where
the old imperial palace culture of the Han and Tang dynasties transformed into a culture centered around city folk.
Since after Song Emperor Taizu got rid of the night curfew, Kaifeng was probably the first place in the country to have a ’night life.’
Hence since the days of old, night markets have permeated down to Kaifeng’s very marrow.
Despite that Kaifeng lost it’s status of China’s "capital city," the people of Kaifeng have remained free and unconstrained in their daily lives.
A small group of people rubbing tiles playing mahjong, sipping tea, or humming a few lines of a libretto from a local styled opera,
or walking a few chickens, raising a few fish... [all such activities] really make Kaifang unable to forget how in 1955, the provincial capital of Henan was moved to Zhengzhou.
Up till now, Kaifeng has had a road named "Provincial government west road," where the Henan provincial congress once was located.
Today, the provincial hall of government building is no longer. But Kaifeng still keeps the hall in its recollections and memories.
Kaifeng’s successes and failures always been brought about by the Yellow River.
The Yellow River gave Kaifeng life, yet, countless times did the Yellow River also mercilessly take away and destroy the life it so gave kaifeng.
The iron tower located in the northern part of Kaifeng city, and
is, today, Kaifeng’s only building that has remained standing through over 1000 years of [tumultuous] history, and it now faces all to testify of the city’s past and present.
I’ve always thought that the Iron tower is like as the spine of the city.
The cruel and unforgiving Yellow River... many a time destroyed Kaifeng. Only this mountain like tower is still erect.
During WWII, Japanese bombers blew a sizeable hole through the top of the tower,
but the tower never fell. Neighboring the tower is the University of Henan.
One old, one young, they stand face to face in the Northern parts of Kaifeng. The tower testifies of the city’s past,
while the university silently supports the city’s future.